During a recent presentation at the Groundwork Milwaukee community gardening workshop, Tim McCollow pulled up a map of Milwaukee covered with thousands of colored dots representing city-owned foreclosures and vacant lots.
The image stood on the screen like an X-ray and the diagnosis didn’t look good. The city owns about 1,000 tax-foreclosed properties and 2,700 vacant lots, and those numbers are swelling. By the end of the year, the city plans to demolish 500 dilapidated houses, leaving empty spaces in its wake. McCollow, project manager of the city’s Home Gr/Own initiative, was there to offer a treatment plan.
In 2012, Mayor Tom Barrett launched Home Gr/Own in response to the foreclosure crisis and former New York City mayor Michael Bloomberg’s Mayors Challenge. The Home Gr/Own program seeks to transform city-owned properties into urban farms to provide a new supply chain for nutritious food, ultimately stabilizing neighborhoods and creating jobs.
McCollow said he presents to community groups several times a week, even now in the dead of winter, to offer city resources and inspire residents to turn the vacant lots — which typically measure 40-feet wide by 140-feet long — into gardens, orchards and compost sites. He’s encouraging people to be creative, noting that, for example, the city is seriously contemplating turning a foreclosed property into a mushroom grow house.
“There really is no bad idea. Let’s activate these sites and reap all the subsequent benefits — from storm water harvesting, to neighborhood cohesion, to community engagement — so we can … start to change these neighborhoods,” McCollow said.
Most of those colored dots on the map are concentrated on the North Side, which is why Home Gr/Own is focusing most of its efforts in the Lindsay Heights neighborhood. “It’s one of our poorest neighborhoods; it’s one of our least healthy neighborhoods. But on the flip side, there’s some of the best human capital in the city working in that area,” said McCollow, referring to Walnut Way Conservation Corp., Fondy Farmers Market and Alice’s Garden.
A 2010 study conducted by the Center for Urban Population Health found that more than two-thirds of Lindsay Heights residents reported inadequate produce consumption, and one-third were obese.
The city wants the foreclosures and vacant lots off its hands. To ensure they fall into the right ones, the city uses a lease-to-own model, which officials say allows them to monitor for proper land use. “We want to build up trust and credibility with our partners before we hand them a piece of land in the middle of a neighborhood,” McCollow said.
Bruce Wiggins, executive director of Milwaukee Urban Gardens, is part of the group that hosted the workshop. The organization helps residents secure land and guides them through the necessary paperwork, while also providing liability insurance.
Wiggins said the average price for a one-year lease differs by neighborhood, but typically ranges from $100 to $500 per year. Residents also can sign up for a free seasonal growing permit, although he said that doesn’t protect the city from reclaiming the land after the permit expires to erect housing. Vacant land ownership requires aldermanic approval.
There are obstacles to be overcome in this effort, McCollow noted. While community gardens are nice, the city would prefer housing on the lots because that generates property tax revenue. “The aldermen and the city would love to have a house on every one of these vacant lots. You can’t deny that,” McCollow said.
Also, city ordinances are lagging behind the urban agriculture movement. “It’s against the law at this second to put up an accessory structures on a vacant lot, which is very unhelpful. People need sheds, people need rainwater harvest structures,” McCollow said.
Shaiya Morris, project coordinator for Home Gr/Own, said the Office of Environmental Sustainability is drafting a set of ordinances outlining zoning and permitting changes, as well as providing and enforcing clear-cut food policies so consumers can trust that spinach from a local garden would not have E. coli. She expects the ordinances will be ready for Common Council approval by July.
Morris said additional goals for the year include converting five foreclosed structures and 10 vacant lots to food-based uses.
“Now it’s our job to put the spotlight on these neighborhoods, especially Lindsay Heights,” Morris said. “We think if we can successfully do that and launch many of these projects, in the end we can bring life back to these communities