Disability rights activists in Wisconsin are concerned that a case before the Wisconsin Supreme Court will disenfranchise voters who cannot cast their ballots unassisted.
In past elections, voters with certain disabilities that prevented them from physically dropping off their own ballots into drop boxes could be assisted in doing that, typically by family members or caregivers. But a lower court ruling in January said voters must deliver their own ballots.
The case is now before the Wisconsin Supreme Court, with a ruling expected by the end of June or early July.
Under the current ruling, cities and towns around Wisconsin cannot use ballot drop boxes, and people casting absentee ballots in the state must cast their own ballot unassisted.
Disability rights activists say the ruling will deter and prevent voters with certain disabilities from casting their ballots.
Barbara Beckert, director of the Milwaukee office of Disability Rights Wisconsin, a nonprofit that advocates for people with disabilities in the state, said the rules present a barrier for those with disabilities who cannot use their hands or feet.
“Many people with disabilities and older adults have to rely on someone else to help them with this,” Beckert said. “This will make it difficult if not impossible to return that ballot for them.”
Luke Berg, deputy counsel at the Wisconsin Institute for Law and Liberty, the conservative legal group that’s suing for these rules changes, said that state law is not being followed by the Wisconsin Election Commission. The commission’s enforcement of rules has been inadequate, he said, as it issues guidance on voting operations but none of the guidance is binding.
Berg said there are exceptions in state law that allow different options for people with disabilities.
“If there’s a gap, that needs to be addressed by the Legislature,” Berg said. “It doesn’t warrant changing the rule for everyone statewide. That shouldn’t be the solution.”
Voters with disabilities worried
Ivan Israel Lopez, 30, has been voting since he was 18. He was born with cerebral palsy and his speaking abilities are limited, as is his mobility. He gets around on a motorized wheelchair because he cannot use his hand or feet to accomplish things without assistance.
In past elections, his father, Francisco Lopez Sr., helped the South Side resident, actually taking him to the polls, helping him sign his “x” to a form and then doing whatever needed to be done for Ivan to vote.
But the elder Lopez died in August 2020. And now his mother, Monica Lopez, who has been active in advocating for people with special needs, fears her son will be unable to vote. She’s unsure if she will be able to get him to the polls.
So they tried to fill out a form requesting an absentee ballot, but Monica Lopez said they had difficulty understanding how to complete it.
Now that voters must personally deliver an absentee ballot, she is unsure if even that avenue is available to her son.
“Maybe he’s not going to vote unless they give him assistance,” Monica Lopez said, as Ivan listened and nodded his head. “Although he knows his rights, he needs help” to vote.
Monica Lopez explained, as she held up a soft drink with a straw for Ivan to sip, that she and her husband instilled in all five of their children the importance of voting.
“All of my kids, first thing after they turned 18, we taught them to know their right to vote,” she said. “It is not only our right, it is our obligation.”
Monica Lopez is the former president and a current board member of Alianza Latino Aplicando Soluciones, or ALAS, which translates in English to Latino Alliance Applying Solutions.
William Crowley, 35, is a self-professed “diehard” voter. The East Side resident participates in every election he can. In previous years, he would use an absentee ballot and have someone else drop it in the mailbox for him — a necessity, since he can’t do it himself.
Crowley also is a supervising attorney with Disability Rights Wisconsin. He uses a motorized wheelchair to get around.
In April, Crowley decided he didn’t want to risk his vote being discounted — after Wisconsin’s courts prohibited voters from having someone else deliver their ballot and stopped use of ballot drop boxes — so he went to his polling place to vote in person.
When he arrived, however, the wheelchair lift at the polling place wasn’t working. Workers at the polling place were able to bring his ballot curbside and allow him to vote that way, but it would have been a lot simpler to have someone help him mail it from home.
“I just want to have my voice heard in how things are run,” Crowley said. “Particularly when you get down to the local level, your vote really does matter with such slim margins. It could really affect not just my own life but the lives of many people.”
Patrick Gill, a 54-year-old who lives near North 86th Street and West Bradley Road, can’t write on his own. His arms shake too much. A brain injury sustained 10 years ago has made it difficult to control his limbs. Gill also uses a wheelchair.
“My mind is still there,” Gill said. “I just need help writing.”
Gill said he tries to remain politically informed and likes to stay involved in the community. He thinks people should be able to assist disabled voters with their ballots.
“Every vote counts,” he said.
Resources you can use
The Disability Rights Wisconsin hotline can be reached at 844-347-8683.
Beckert encourages people with disabilities to reach out to their municipal clerk now and ask for disability accommodations.
That information can be found on the My Voter Info page of MyVote Wisconsin’s website. In Milwaukee, the executive director of the Election Commission is Claire Woodall-Vogg. Her office can be reached at 414-286-3491 or emailed at firstname.lastname@example.org It is located in City Hall, 200 E. Wells St., Room 501.
Brian Peters, independent living services assistant program director with Independence First, a disability care organization in the city, encouraged voters with disabilities to follow the Wisconsin Disability Vote Coalition to get updates on the situation.
Sandra Turman-Bounds says
I’m very saddened that this has resulted in going befor the WI Supreme Court. This is just another way to disenfranchise voters. There are so many different types of disabilities. Some people have amputated limbs and may not have prostheses, there are mental, emotional, physical and other types of medical disabilities that could interfer in a person’s abilitity to vote in person and complete a form. Many of the polling places aren’t handicap friendly and access is difficult without assistance. The ADA ACT is supposed to make accommodations that will allow the disabled equal access. Also, some disabilities are intermittent and relapsing such as auto-immune diseases, which can be unpredictable.